Battle of Wilson’s Creek (Ths)

Posted on April 30, 2011 in Uncategorized by michaelgotwald

Battle of Wilson’s Creek

(August 10, 1861 Greene County Missouri)

battle-of-wilsons-creek-map

http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/wilsonscreek/maps/battle-of-wilsons-creek-map.jpg

The map above shows the battle of Wilson’s Creek. This event took place in Greene County, Missouri on August 10, 1861 (Bearss, 1985).

Lyon

http://www.cowanauctions.com/itemImages/nn2652.jpg

Brig. Gen. Nathaniel Lyon, Union General.

One of the most important leaders of the Battle of Wilson’s Creek was Union leader, General Nathaniel Lyon. Lyon was an important leader during this battle as he led strong and risked his life in the front line with his men. After the third attack on Wilson’s Creek, Lyon was killed by Confederate forces. Although he lost his life, he still led the Union strongly. He is noted for his quick action and hard line Unionism. Others also question his influence in other affairs but the Union still views him as a powerful General who risked his life in battle (Downhour, 2000).

McCulloch

http://www.texasranger.org/halloffame/images/McCulloch.jpg

Gen. Benjamin McCulloch, Confederate General

Opposing General Nathaniel Lyon was General Benjamin McCulloch. McCulloch was the confederate leader in the Battle of Wilson’s Creek. He also was a soldier in the Texas Revolution and a U.S. Marshal. Through these events, McCulloch has learned many leadership skills in which have helped him win many battles in the Civil War. In the battle of Wilson’s Creek he sent his troops multiple times in a single day to soon wear out the Union soldiers and gained control of southwestern Missouri (Cutrer, 1993).

Battle_of_Wilsons_Creek

Battle of Wilson’s Creek

http://www.civil-war-journeys.org/images/Battle_of_Wilsons_Creek.jpg

The Battle of Wilson’s Creek began on August 10, 1861. The Union soldiers were fighting against the Confederates in Wilson’s Creek, Missouri. The winner of this battle would soon in turn gain control of Southwestern Missouri. Both sides had planned an attack on each other the night before. The morning of August 10th, the Union led an attack on the Confederate soldiers us soon fell back as the Confederates struck back. The Confederate army then led three separate attacks upon the Union which greatly pushed back their forces but never broke the Union line. Despite the fact the Confederate army did not break through the Union line, after the third attack the Confederates withdrew. They had killed the Union general and he had to be replaced. The Confederates then routed Sigel’s column. In the end the Confederate army was greatly diminished but had gained a victory over the Union. One of the greatest losses in this battle was that of the Union General Nathaniel Lyon. The Union lost 1,235 men and the Confederates had lost 1,184 (Bearss, 1985).

Wilson’s

Creek

August

10, 861

Union

Confederates

1,235

1,184

Monument

The monument I have created for the Battle of Wilson’s Creek is a large brick wall with the battle engraved into it. The monument’s design is to show the importance of the battle and the affects that occurred. The brick wall stands for the strong union line against the confederate forces. This is a strong symbol as brick walls are typically designed to show unity. This is also in the form of a memorial as the battle and the number of men lost is also engraved into it. I decided to color the brick wall red as it is a symbol of blood as there was much blood shed in the attack throughout this battle.

Works Cited

Bearss, Edwin C., The Battle of Wilson’s Creek, Wilson’s Creek National Battlefield Foundation, 1985.

Cutrer, Thomas W. Ben McCulloch and the Frontier Military Tradition. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1993.

Downhour, James G. “Nathaniel Lyon.” In Encyclopedia of the American Civil War. New York: W. W. Norton & Company, 2000.




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