Battle of Wilson’s Creek (Ths)

Posted on April 30, 2011 in Uncategorized by michaelgotwald

Battle of Wilson’s Creek

(August 10, 1861 Greene County Missouri)


The map above shows the battle of Wilson’s Creek. This event took place in Greene County, Missouri on August 10, 1861 (Bearss, 1985).


Brig. Gen. Nathaniel Lyon, Union General.

One of the most important leaders of the Battle of Wilson’s Creek was Union leader, General Nathaniel Lyon. Lyon was an important leader during this battle as he led strong and risked his life in the front line with his men. After the third attack on Wilson’s Creek, Lyon was killed by Confederate forces. Although he lost his life, he still led the Union strongly. He is noted for his quick action and hard line Unionism. Others also question his influence in other affairs but the Union still views him as a powerful General who risked his life in battle (Downhour, 2000).


Gen. Benjamin McCulloch, Confederate General

Opposing General Nathaniel Lyon was General Benjamin McCulloch. McCulloch was the confederate leader in the Battle of Wilson’s Creek. He also was a soldier in the Texas Revolution and a U.S. Marshal. Through these events, McCulloch has learned many leadership skills in which have helped him win many battles in the Civil War. In the battle of Wilson’s Creek he sent his troops multiple times in a single day to soon wear out the Union soldiers and gained control of southwestern Missouri (Cutrer, 1993).


Battle of Wilson’s Creek

The Battle of Wilson’s Creek began on August 10, 1861. The Union soldiers were fighting against the Confederates in Wilson’s Creek, Missouri. The winner of this battle would soon in turn gain control of Southwestern Missouri. Both sides had planned an attack on each other the night before. The morning of August 10th, the Union led an attack on the Confederate soldiers us soon fell back as the Confederates struck back. The Confederate army then led three separate attacks upon the Union which greatly pushed back their forces but never broke the Union line. Despite the fact the Confederate army did not break through the Union line, after the third attack the Confederates withdrew. They had killed the Union general and he had to be replaced. The Confederates then routed Sigel’s column. In the end the Confederate army was greatly diminished but had gained a victory over the Union. One of the greatest losses in this battle was that of the Union General Nathaniel Lyon. The Union lost 1,235 men and the Confederates had lost 1,184 (Bearss, 1985).




10, 861






The monument I have created for the Battle of Wilson’s Creek is a large brick wall with the battle engraved into it. The monument’s design is to show the importance of the battle and the affects that occurred. The brick wall stands for the strong union line against the confederate forces. This is a strong symbol as brick walls are typically designed to show unity. This is also in the form of a memorial as the battle and the number of men lost is also engraved into it. I decided to color the brick wall red as it is a symbol of blood as there was much blood shed in the attack throughout this battle.

Works Cited

Bearss, Edwin C., The Battle of Wilson’s Creek, Wilson’s Creek National Battlefield Foundation, 1985.

Cutrer, Thomas W. Ben McCulloch and the Frontier Military Tradition. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1993.

Downhour, James G. “Nathaniel Lyon.” In Encyclopedia of the American Civil War. New York: W. W. Norton & Company, 2000.

Battle of Shiloh (Ths)

Posted on April 28, 2011 in Uncategorized by michaelgotwald

The Battle of Shiloh

(April 6-7, 1862 Hardin County, Tennessee)


The map above shows the Battle of Shiloh. This event takes place in Southwestern Tennessee, approximately located next to the Tennessee River. (Joiner, 1997)


Ulysses S. Grant,Union general.

One of the most important leaders in the Battle of Shiloh was the Union leader, Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant. Grant was an important leader during this battle because he led his troops deep into the Pittsburg Landing for the conquering of this land. The troops were then confronted by a surprise attack by the Confederates but Grant remained strong. He led his troops along a sunken road and planned for a counterattack in order to defeat the confederates. Grant was very important in using his leadership skills to fight off a surprise attack and defeat the Confederates (Perry, 1998).


Albert Sidney Johnston, Confederate General.

Opposing Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant was Albert Sidney Johnston. Johnston was also a powerful leader but he led his troops of the Confederate army. He depicted many of his battles by the event of surprise. He found that if h took Grant’s army by surprise at the Battle of Shiloh that he would be able to catch them off guard and take over the portion of land. Unfortunately he was wrong in this point and eventually lost the Battle of Shiloh to the Union (Roland, 2000).


Battle of Shiloh

The Battle of Shiloh began on April 6, 1862 in Harding County, Tennessee. After the losses of Fort Henry and Fort Donelson, Confederate General Albert Sidney Johnston withdrew his forces into western Tennessee to reorganize his troops. Union General Ulysses S. Grant was then told to push his troops forward. The plan for the movement was to seize the Memphis & Charleston Railroad.  which was a very prosperous resource to either side that would acquire it. The confederate army used the strategy of surprise attack to try and achieve the upper hand within the battle. Grant used the strategy of worrying about his own troops plans and had never focused on what the enemy was trying to plan.

The Battle of Shiloh was fought next to the Tennessee River and many boats and valleys were used to build camps or forts behind. The valleys were used as bunkers to hide the forces.  The “Hornet’s Nest” was a common landscape that enabled the Union members to hide from the Confederates and as they passed many lives were taken without knowledge of what had occurred. This sunken road was key for the Union troops. The Union had succeeded in this battle and the Confederate were now the losers of the Battle of Shiloh. The Union troops reached casualties of 13,000 where as the Confederate’s reached casualties of only 10,000 but they had lost their leader and were overpowered by the Union. One of the key remembrances was the death of General Johnston (Joiner, 1997).



Shown above is the monument in tribute to the Battle of Shiloh. The monument was built in a deep sunken road to visually remember one of the key strategies in the Battle of Shiloh. The sunken road was used to hide Union troops and defeat the Confederate army. Also shown in the monument are a gold cannon and golden figures. This represents the use of cannons and the tribute to the manpower lost in the Battle of Shiloh and the resources that were used in the sunken road.

Works Cited

Joiner, Gary. (1997). Shiloh and the Western Campaign. New York City: Savas Beatie.

Perry, Alan (1998), Shiloh 1862: The Death of Innocence. London: Osprey Publishing.

Roland, Larry J., (2000), Shiloh: The Battle That Changed the Civil War. New York: Simon & Schuster.