The Battle of Shiloh
(April 6-7, 1862 Hardin County, Tennessee)
The map above shows the Battle of Shiloh. This event takes place in Southwestern Tennessee, approximately located next to the Tennessee River. (Joiner, 1997)
Ulysses S. Grant,Union general.
One of the most important leaders in the Battle of Shiloh was the Union leader, Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant. Grant was an important leader during this battle because he led his troops deep into the Pittsburg Landing for the conquering of this land. The troops were then confronted by a surprise attack by the Confederates but Grant remained strong. He led his troops along a sunken road and planned for a counterattack in order to defeat the confederates. Grant was very important in using his leadership skills to fight off a surprise attack and defeat the Confederates (Perry, 1998).
Albert Sidney Johnston, Confederate General.
Opposing Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant was Albert Sidney Johnston. Johnston was also a powerful leader but he led his troops of the Confederate army. He depicted many of his battles by the event of surprise. He found that if h took Grant’s army by surprise at the Battle of Shiloh that he would be able to catch them off guard and take over the portion of land. Unfortunately he was wrong in this point and eventually lost the Battle of Shiloh to the Union (Roland, 2000).
Battle of Shiloh
The Battle of Shiloh began on April 6, 1862 in Harding County, Tennessee. After the losses of Fort Henry and Fort Donelson, Confederate General Albert Sidney Johnston withdrew his forces into western Tennessee to reorganize his troops. Union General Ulysses S. Grant was then told to push his troops forward. The plan for the movement was to seize the Memphis & Charleston Railroad. which was a very prosperous resource to either side that would acquire it. The confederate army used the strategy of surprise attack to try and achieve the upper hand within the battle. Grant used the strategy of worrying about his own troops plans and had never focused on what the enemy was trying to plan.
The Battle of Shiloh was fought next to the Tennessee River and many boats and valleys were used to build camps or forts behind. The valleys were used as bunkers to hide the forces. The “Hornet’s Nest” was a common landscape that enabled the Union members to hide from the Confederates and as they passed many lives were taken without knowledge of what had occurred. This sunken road was key for the Union troops. The Union had succeeded in this battle and the Confederate were now the losers of the Battle of Shiloh. The Union troops reached casualties of 13,000 where as the Confederate’s reached casualties of only 10,000 but they had lost their leader and were overpowered by the Union. One of the key remembrances was the death of General Johnston (Joiner, 1997).
Shown above is the monument in tribute to the Battle of Shiloh. The monument was built in a deep sunken road to visually remember one of the key strategies in the Battle of Shiloh. The sunken road was used to hide Union troops and defeat the Confederate army. Also shown in the monument are a gold cannon and golden figures. This represents the use of cannons and the tribute to the manpower lost in the Battle of Shiloh and the resources that were used in the sunken road.
Joiner, Gary. (1997). Shiloh and the Western Campaign. New York City: Savas Beatie.
Perry, Alan (1998), Shiloh 1862: The Death of Innocence. London: Osprey Publishing.
Roland, Larry J., (2000), Shiloh: The Battle That Changed the Civil War. New York: Simon & Schuster.